Somalia wins U.N Security Council seat after over 50 years

Somalia wins U.N Security Council seat after over 50 years
Somali officials celebrated in the General Assembly after the vote [Photo: Courtesy]

The 193-member world body elected Somalia to the UN Security Council as a non-permanent member for two years on Thursday.

According to the Associated Press, in a secret ballot in the General Assembly, Denmark, Greece, Pakistan, and Panama also won seats on the U.N. Security Council.

The 10 non-permanent seats on the 15-member council are given to regional groups, which often choose their candidates but are occasionally are unable to come to a consensus.

The regional groups put forward Somalia for an African seat. The four other countries proposed by the regional groups were Panama for Latin America and the Caribbean, Denmark and Greece for two predominantly Western seats, Pakistan for Asia-Pacific, and Somalia for an African seat.

The freshly elected council members will start their terms on January 1, 2025, replacing those whose two-year terms end on December 31, 2025, Mozambique, Japan, Ecuador, Malta, and Switzerland.

Along with the five nations elected last year, which include Algeria, Guyana, South Korea, Sierra Leone, and Slovenia, they will join the group of five permanent members that hold veto power; the United States, Russia, China, United Kingdom, and France.

The responsibility for preserving world peace and security rests with the Security Council. However, due to Russia’s veto power, it has been unable to intervene in Ukraine, and because of the strong relations between the United States and Israel, it has refrained from calling for an end to hostilities in Gaza.

Each of the five winning countries has held a seat on the Security Council before Pakistan has done so seven times, Panama five times, Denmark four times, Greece twice, and Somalia once.

The Security Council needs to grow and represent the globe in the twenty-first century, not the post-globe War II age portrayed now, as almost all nations agree, over eight decades after the UN was founded.

However, the main point of contention is precisely how to handle 193 countries with diverse national interests. These disputes have also prevented any meaningful reform of the most powerful body in the U.N. for the past forty years