Over 76 million people displaced globally in 2023: report

Over 76 million people displaced globally in 2023: report

AN updated photo of internally displaced persons somewhere in Africa [Photo: Courtesy]

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) reported that more than 76 million people globally were displaced from their countries in 2023.

In a statement seen by The City Review on Wednesday, IDMC’s director, Alexandra Bilak, stated that two-thirds of the new migration is driven by violence in Sudan, the Congo, and the Middle East and natural disasters.

“The number of internally displaced people, or IDPs, has jumped by 50 per cent over the past five years and roughly doubled in the past decade. It doesn’t cover refugees displaced people who fled to another country. Tens of millions displaced from earlier and continuing conflicts, violence and disasters,” Bilak said.

He added, “It also compiles the cumulative number of people who were living away from their homes in 2023, including those still displaced from previous years. Some 75.9 million people were living in internal displacement at the end of last year.”

The IDMC estimated that a total of 46.9 million people physically relocated in 2023, some more than once. Most of those situations, especially those following natural calamities like floods, end with people going back home.

According to the statement, almost 90 percent of the total displacement was attributed to conflict while some 10 percent stemmed from the impact of natural disasters.

“The displacement of more than 9 million people in Sudan at the end of 2023 was a record for a single country since the centre started tracking such figures 16 years ago. That was an increase of nearly 6 million from the end of 2022. Sudan’s conflict erupted in April 2023 as soaring tensions between the leaders of the military and the rival Rapid Support Forces broke out into open fighting across the country,” it stated.

IDMC also reported a total of 3.4 million movements within Gaza in the last quarter of 2023 amid the Israeli military response to the October 7 attacks in Israel. That means that many people moved more than once within the territory of some 2.2 million. At the end of the year, 1.7 million people were displaced in Gaza.

The data provides an alternative perspective on how human mobility is impacted by conflict, climate change, and other issues. The U.N. migration agency follows all movements of people, including those made for economic or lifestyle reasons, whereas the refugee agency monitors displacement across borders but not within countries.